The prophecy where Daniel the prophet predicted the exact year and day that Jesus Christ the Messiah would be revealed was written down in around 500 BC (476 years before the birth of Jesus Christ): “Know therefore and understand, That from the going forth of the command to restore and build Jerusalem until Messiah the Prince, there shall be 7 weeks and 62 weeks; The street shall be built again, and the wall, even in troublesome times.” Messiah the prince (Jesus Christ), was to be revealed after the command to rebuild Jerusalem. If we add 7 weeks to 62 weeks we get 69 weeks and one week represents 7 years in Jewish culture and history (it is called: shabua or shabu’im).
7 weeks + 62 weeks = 69 weeks of years in this prophecy
We then need to multiply the 69 weeks of years above with 7 years for each week:
69 weeks of years x 7 years for each week = 483 years
The Jewish calendar is both a Lunar and a Solar calendar and uses a 360 day lunar year which then gives a ‘Leap Month’ on certain years to precisely correspond with the Solar cycle that is currently used in the west for the ‘Julian’ calendar.
The Bible uses the Jewish calendar for prophecies and expects us to add the appropriate ‘leap months’ So, the simplest way to unravel this prophecy is to first convert this prophecy into days.
483 x 360 = 173,880 Jewish days
Lastly we convert the 173,880 Jewish days into the western calculation of years (we must first add 0.25 to account for the leap years).
173,880 days ÷ 365.25 = 476 years
We are told by the prophet Daniel, that it will be 476 years from the ‘commandment to rebuild Jerusalem and its walls’ then the Messiah of Israel would for the first time ever be revealed to the world.
The ‘commandment to rebuild Jerusalem and its walls’ happened on 14th March 445 BC:
This particular prophecy of the arriving Messiah is actually both amazing and extremely precise. There were additional orders to reconstruct the Temple, however, there was only one commandment to restore Jerusalem and its walls in history. On 14th March 445 BC, as verified by modern archaeology, King Artaxerxes I of Persia granted the commandment to reconstruct Jerusalem and that included it’s walls. The book of Nehemiah records the rebuilding of both the walls and the city: “Then the king said to me, “What do you request?” So I prayed to the God of heaven. 5 And I said to the king, “If it pleases the king, and if your servant has found favor in your sight, I ask that you send me to Judah, to the city of my fathers’ tombs, that I may rebuild it.” Then the king said to me (the queen also sitting beside him), “How long will your journey be? And when will you return?” So it pleased the king to send me; and I set him a time.” Nehemiah 2:4-6
Fulfilment of the prophecy:
From 14th March 445BC we need to count 476 years and the incredible fulfilment is that this is the exact day that Jesus Christ the Messiah rode triumphantly into Jerusalem on a Donkey as the people shouted “Blessed is the One coming in the name of the Lord.”
“And the ones going ahead and the ones following were crying-out “Hosanna! Blessed is the One coming in the name of the Lord. 10 Blessed is the coming kingdom of our father David. Hosanna in the highest [heavens]!” Mark 11:9-10
To recap, if we count from 14th March 445 BC (when “the commandment” was given) to 6th April 32 A.D when Jesus Christ was welcomed as King and Messiah we get:
477 years – 1 year (subtracted 1 for the number “0” A.D. or B.C.) = 476 years exactly!
Jesus Christ was honoured, yet humble and riding on a donkey – exactly how the prophet Zechariah, said He would be: “Rejoice greatly, O daughter of Zion! Shout, O daughter of Jerusalem! Behold, your King is coming to you; He is just and having salvation, Lowly and riding on a donkey, A colt, the foal of a donkey.” Zechariah 9:9